Wednesday, February 27, 2013

The Eye of Horus

The eye of Horus is also known as Horus or udjat. In ancient Egyptian mythology, Horus was one of five children of origin of the Egyptian gods, Ra and Rhea. Siblings were Osiris, Horus, Set, Isis, and Nephthys.
Osiris succeeded Ra as king of Egypt and married Isis, his sister. Their brother, Set, slew Osiris, who descended to the presidency of the land of the dead. The widow, Isis, called his brother, Horus, Set to destroy, what he did after many battles. Finally, Osiris was resurrected.

The udjat is represented as a human eye and eyebrow as they would be seen looking at a person in the face. The eye is decorated with signs that adorn the eyes of hawks.
Usually it is the right eye showed that the udjat, although the left is not uncommon. This is probably because of another myth that the sun and moon were the right (sun) and left (moon) eyes of the god of the sky and the sun is considered more powerful.
The Eye of Horus symbol was used in funerary rites and decoration, as shown in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Therefore, the sacred eye could also function as a symbol of the offer.
Art Fair of later New Kingdom, a personified eye presents incense or other offerings that the deceased, as he kneels before the throne of Osiris. Sacred solar animals, baboons are also frequently shown presenting Wadjet eyes towards the rising sun.
After 1200 BC, it was also used by the Egyptians to represent fractions, based on repeated division by two. The value of a fraction was assigned to each individual part of the eye that Seth had torn the myth goes. Their total, corresponding to the restoration of the eye caused by Thoth, would have added to the mix.
In fact, however, the total of six fractions used results from only 63/64, it was assumed that Thot had withheld lack 1/64 by magic. The Eye of Horus fraction system was based on the Eye of Horus symbol. This system was used to record prescriptions, land and grain.
In the magic of the Eye of Horus symbolizes protection and wisdom. The eye also symbolizes our ability to see with clarity and sincerity. The Eye of Horus was believed to have healing power and protection, and it was used as a protective amulet.
At some point, the right eye of Horus, with its solar symbolism, was naturally associated with Re, and became the eye of Re (Ra). Re was said to be the "father of the gods" because he was their leader and king, and the father of mankind, and, according to some ancient myths, all the creatures that were thought to grow from its sweat or tears.

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